Оригинальный файл .htaccess поможет в тех случаях, когда поломался существующий или он вообще отсуствует. Помогает в ряде случаев, когда после переноса или переделки сайта внезапно перестают работать ссылки.

Joomla

##
# @package Joomla
# @copyright Copyright (C) 2005 - 2012 Open Source Matters. All rights reserved.
# @license GNU General Public License version 2 or later; see LICENSE.txt
##

##
# READ THIS COMPLETELY IF YOU CHOOSE TO USE THIS FILE!
#
# The line just below this section: 'Options +FollowSymLinks' may cause problems
# with some server configurations. It is required for use of mod_rewrite, but may already
# be set by your server administrator in a way that dissallows changing it in
# your .htaccess file. If using it causes your server to error out, comment it out (add # to
# beginning of line), reload your site in your browser and test your sef url's. If they work,
# it has been set by your server administrator and you do not need it set here.
##

## Can be commented out if causes errors, see notes above.
Options +FollowSymLinks

## Mod_rewrite in use.

RewriteEngine On

## Begin - Rewrite rules to block out some common exploits.
# If you experience problems on your site block out the operations listed below
# This attempts to block the most common type of exploit `attempts` to Joomla!
#
# Block out any script trying to base64_encode data within the URL.
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} base64_encode[^(]*\([^)]*\) [OR]
# Block out any script that includes a <script> tag in URL.
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} (<|%3C)([^s]*s)+cript.*(>|%3E) [NC,OR]
# Block out any script trying to set a PHP GLOBALS variable via URL.
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} GLOBALS(=|\[|\%[0-9A-Z]{0,2}) [OR]
# Block out any script trying to modify a _REQUEST variable via URL.
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} _REQUEST(=|\[|\%[0-9A-Z]{0,2})
# Return 403 Forbidden header and show the content of the root homepage
RewriteRule .* index.php [F]
#
## End - Rewrite rules to block out some common exploits.

## Begin - Custom redirects
#
# If you need to redirect some pages, or set a canonical non-www to
# www redirect (or vice versa), place that code here. Ensure those
# redirects use the correct RewriteRule syntax and the [R=301,L] flags.
#
## End - Custom redirects

##
# Uncomment following line if your webserver's URL
# is not directly related to physical file paths.
# Update Your Joomla! Directory (just / for root).
##

# RewriteBase /

## Begin - Joomla! core SEF Section.
#
RewriteRule .* - [E=HTTP_AUTHORIZATION:%{HTTP:Authorization}]
#
# If the requested path and file is not /index.php and the request
# has not already been internally rewritten to the index.php script
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^/index\.php
# and the request is for something within the component folder,
# or for the site root, or for an extensionless URL, or the
# requested URL ends with one of the listed extensions
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} /component/|(/[^.]*|\.(php|html?|feed|pdf|vcf|raw))$ [NC]
# and the requested path and file doesn't directly match a physical file
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
# and the requested path and file doesn't directly match a physical folder
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
# internally rewrite the request to the index.php script
RewriteRule .* index.php [L]
#
## End - Joomla! core SEF Section.

Next Generation CMS

#
# Copyright (C) 2006-2010 Next Generation CMS (http://ngcms.ru)
# Name: .htaccess
# Description: mod_rewrite htaccess file
# Author: NGCMS project team
#

DirectoryIndex index.php

<files .htaccess>
order allow,deny 
deny from all
</files>

#php_flag register_globals off
#php_flag magic_quotes_gpc off
#php_flag magic_quotes_runtime off
#php_flag magic_quotes_sybase off
#php_flag allow_call_time_pass_reference on
#php_value session.use_trans_sid 0

RewriteEngine On
#RewriteBase /

RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} -f [OR]
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} -d
RewriteRule ^.*$ - [S=35]

# Editable links
RewriteRule ^.+$ index.php?$1 [QSA,L]

MediaWiki

RewriteEngine On
# If using a subdirectory like htdocs/wiki/ Not necessary when the wiki is in htdocs/ (i.e. the root)
# RewriteBase /wiki
# Don't rewrite requests for these MediaWiki subdirectories and files
# you may need to change "stylesheets" to "skins" (v1.4?)
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^/(skins|images|mw-config|extensions)/
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^/(redirect|texvc|index).php
# other notible conditions
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^/error/(40(1|3|4)|500).html
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^/favicon.ico
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^/load.php
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^/api.php
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^/robots.txt
# Make sure there is no query string - unless user is making a search
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} ^$ [OR] %{REQUEST_URI} ^/Special:Search
#I suspect that people who use /wiki will need the following line, but I'm not sure:
#RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} ^/wiki$
# Rewrite URI/foo properly, this is the main rule.
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ /index.php/$1 [L,QSA,NE] # Quirk: Truncates question marks (%3F)
RewriteRule ^(.*)http:/(.*) /$2 [R=301]

WordPress

# BEGIN WordPress
<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteEngine On
RewriteBase /
RewriteRule ^index\.php$ - [L]
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule . /index.php [L]
</IfModule>
# END WordPress

phpBB

<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteEngine on

#
# Uncomment the statement below if you want to make use of
# HTTP authentication and it does not already work.
# This could be required if you are for example using PHP via Apache CGI.
#
#RewriteRule .* - [E=HTTP_AUTHORIZATION:%{HTTP:Authorization},L]

#
# The following 3 lines will rewrite URLs passed through the front controller
# to not require app.php in the actual URL. In other words, a controller is
# by default accessed at /app.php/my/controller, but can also be accessed at
# /my/controller
#
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ app.php [QSA,L]

#
# If symbolic links are not already being followed,
# uncomment the line below.
# http://anothersysadmin.wordpress.com/2008/06/10/mod_rewrite-forbidden-403-with-apache-228/
#
#Options +FollowSymLinks
</IfModule>

# With Apache 2.4 the "Order, Deny" syntax has been deprecated and moved from
# module mod_authz_host to a new module called mod_access_compat (which may be
# disabled) and a new "Require" syntax has been introduced to mod_authz_host.
# We could just conditionally provide both versions, but unfortunately Apache
# does not explicitly tell us its version if the module mod_version is not
# available. In this case, we check for the availability of module
# mod_authz_core (which should be on 2.4 or higher only) as a best guess.
<IfModule mod_version.c>
    <IfVersion < 2.4>
        <Files "config.php">
            Order Allow,Deny
            Deny from All
        </Files>
        <Files "common.php">
            Order Allow,Deny
            Deny from All
        </Files>
    </IfVersion>
    <IfVersion >= 2.4>
        <Files "config.php">
            Require all denied
        </Files>
        <Files "common.php">
            Require all denied
        </Files>
    </IfVersion>
</IfModule>
<IfModule !mod_version.c>
    <IfModule !mod_authz_core.c>
        <Files "config.php">
            Order Allow,Deny
            Deny from All
        </Files>
        <Files "common.php">
            Order Allow,Deny
            Deny from All
        </Files>
    </IfModule>
    <IfModule mod_authz_core.c>
        <Files "config.php">
            Require all denied
        </Files>
        <Files "common.php">
            Require all denied
        </Files>
    </IfModule>
</IfModule>

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